TRUVADA for PrEP is a
TRUVADA for PrEP can help reduce the risk of getting HIV-1 infection when used with safer sex practices. You cannot take TRUVADA for PrEP if you are HIV-positive or if you do not know your HIV-1 status.
What is PrEP?
PrEP is short for pre-exposure prophylaxis. PrEP is taking prescription medicine before coming into contact with HIV-1. This, in combination with safer sex practices, can help lower the chance of getting HIV-1 infection.
TRUVADA for PrEP is only for HIV-negative adults
at high risk of getting HIV-1 from sex.
Men or transgender women who have sex with men who are at high risk of getting infected with HIV-1 through sex
Male-female sex partners when one partner has HIV-1 infection and the other does not
You might be at high risk of getting HIV-1
from sex if you:
|Have a partner who is HIV-positive|
Have sex within an area or social group with a high rate of HIV and answer “yes” to one or more of these questions:
These are not all the risk factors for getting HIV-1 infection. Talk to your doctor to learn more.
You must be HIV-negative before you start taking TRUVADA
- You must get tested to make sure that you do not already have HIV-1 infection
- Do not take TRUVADA for PrEP to reduce the risk of getting HIV-1 unless you are confirmed to be HIV-negative
- You should not take TRUVADA for PrEP if you already have HIV-1 infection or if you do not know your HIV status
Many HIV-1 tests can miss HIV-1 infection
in a person who has recently become infected.
If you have flu-like symptoms, you could have recently become infected with HIV-1. Tell your doctor if you had a flu-like illness within the last month before starting TRUVADA for PrEP or at any time while taking the medicine. Symptoms of new HIV-1 infection include:
- Feeling tired
- Fever, sweating at night
- Rash, vomiting, diarrhea
- Joint or muscle aches, headache, sore throat
- Enlarged lymph nodes in your neck or groin
Taking TRUVADA for PrEP is a commitment.
While taking TRUVADA for PrEP you must:
- Continue using safer sex practices because just taking TRUVADA for PrEP may not keep you from getting HIV-1
- Stay HIV-negative
- Know your HIV-1 status and the HIV-1 status of your partners
- Get tested for HIV-1 at least every 3 months or when your healthcare provider tells you
- Get tested for other sexually transmitted infections. Other infections make it easier for HIV-1 to infect you
- Get information and support to help reduce risky sexual behavior
- Have fewer sex partners
- Do not miss any doses of TRUVADA. Missing doses may increase your risk of getting HIV-1 infection
- If you think you were exposed to HIV-1, tell your healthcare provider right away
If you do become HIV-1 positive
You need more medicine than TRUVADA alone to treat HIV-1. TRUVADA by itself is not a complete treatment for HIV-1. If you have HIV-1 and take only TRUVADA, your HIV-1 may become harder to treat over time.
Take TRUVADA for PrEP every day and use safer sex practices.
It is important to understand that TRUVADA for PrEP is part of a comprehensive HIV prevention plan. That is because TRUVADA for PrEP is not always effective in preventing HIV-1 infection. You should also know that TRUVADA for PrEP:
- Does not prevent sexually transmitted infections, such as syphilis and gonorrhea
- May cause side effects. Tell your doctor if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away
Your doctor can answer questions you may have about taking TRUVADA for PrEP.
Find a TRUVADA for PrEP Provider
If you are ready to talk to a healthcare provider about TRUVADA for PrEP, this tool can help you find one.